In certain parts of the world, the level of rainfall is so minimal that drought has not been preventable. But in the situation where drought has taken over an area of your environment, what effect can it have on the foundations of the houses within the vicinity? Or could it be indifferent to the structure of the houses? Well, let us analytically find out.
For the record, drought is a state of dryness in which the soil has lost most of its moisture. Now, there are various types of soil in existence, from clay to loamy soil and sandy soil. The extent to which your foundation responds to drought largely depends on the nature of soil that your foundation was built upon.
Let us suppose that the soil upon which a house stands is clay soil. Clay soil has the characteristics that when it excess water drains into it, it soaks it up and expands in volume. The density of the soil so drops that the soil settles. The settling soil does not just do so alone, it does so with the house adjusting correspondingly. Eventually, with the disproportionate strain that the foundation experience, there is the rough certainty that the foundation would crack and damage. Now when drought hits the clay soil and it loses its moisture, it so shrivels and contracts to the extent that cracks even begin to develop in the soil. Eventually, the cracks could initiate damage in the foundation itself and crack down the balanced structure of the foundation. The mechanism is fundamental: the soil had stuck on the walls of the house when the soil was in great shape. Now, when water is lost considerable from the soil, the shrinkage of the soil stresses on the foundation so much it actually distorts the even distribution of weight across the bricks.
Very importantly also is the beautiful fact that most people cherish the presence of trees and flowers around their homes. This could be a cause for concern when drought sets in. During the season of drought, the ground becomes so dehydrated that the roots of big trees begin to take its revenge on the ground. The roots search for any water it can get in the soil and in the process creates elongated fissures that subsequently reach the foundation of your house which stands around it. This creates a foundation damage in most cases because the roots would make its unfortunate mark upon the foundation so long as it keeps attempting to penetrate through it.
On a final note, we must recall that the foundations are built by mounting bricks on bricks. The bricks have some content of water in them, hence their great adhesive strength. Upon dehydration, the foundation loses water, shrinks, and alters the stable structure of the house. The doors and windows begin to present difficulty when shutting them.
It is clear that drought is not a good phenomenon for the foundation of the building, although that does not mean that excess water is. Proactive measures can be taken to ensure that it does not eat up the foundation of your house. One approach is the use of water sprinkler to dispense sufficient water that keeps the moisture level around your house at a threshold that eliminates all the effects of drought. Better still, you could engage our professional service to help you with the moisturizing of the soil.